Ripple

Ripple is a global currency exchange and remittance network that aims to lower the cost and improve the speed of international bank transfers relative to legacy financial infrastructure.

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Abstract

Also called the Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTXP) or Ripple protocol, it is built upon a distributed open source Internet protocol, consensus ledger and native currency called XRP (ripples). Ripple’s consensus is based on the Federated Byzantine Agreement (FBA) — a kind of middle ground between public, permissionless blockchains such as Bitcoin and private, permissioned blockchains such as Hyperledger Fabric.

Ripple was released in 2012, helping to enable “secure, instant and nearly free global financial transactions of any size with no chargebacks.”

Ripple also called XRP coin is traded throughout many different cryptocurrency exchanges. The Ripple network is an open payment network for digital currency as well as a holding company. Ripple aims to create and enable a global network of financial institutions and banks to use Ripple software to lower cost of international payments. Ripple calls this global network the “Internet of Value” and operates on the XRP ledger which is an open source product created by Ripple. Ripple allows a secured and cheap way to move money around in a very fast and cheap way for business and for people.

Ripple was initially launched in 2012 and is already a revenue producing company with over 100 financial situations and banks on its blockchain network, including JP Morgan and Bank of America. In order to understand how Ripple functions, it is useful to know about RTGS and arts exp. For example, when you send money via Bitcoin the value is settled in the real time that’s what we mean by real time gross settlement system or RTGS. Ripple uses what it calls gateways, which is best described as something that is similar to global ledger made up of something similar to private blockchain. This is essentially a digital portal that government companies and financial institutions use to join the Ripple Network.

At its core, Ripple is based around a shared, public database or ledger, which uses a consensus process that allows for payments, exchanges and remittance in a distributed process. Used by companies such as UniCredit, UBS or Santander, the Ripple protocol has been increasingly adopted by banks and payment networks as settlement infrastructure technology.

Concept

With the Ripple ledger, people can send and receive different types of fiat currency or cryptocurrency. XRP is the native currency of the ledger, but by preparing trustlines, in other words a trust relationship between two parties, two financial organizations or people can trade with multiple currencies, all on the Ripple ledger. In this way, banks can send money across the world in just seconds, not days. The foreign currency that is held on the ledger is in the form of an IOU. In addition, if one party sought to purchase a foreign currency from a party for which they have no direct trustline, Ripple provides a path-finding algorithm that connects the two parties through indirect trustlines. This mechanism is called ‘rippling’ and consumers who have multiple gateways in the same currency can ‘allow rippling’ on their account to receive a small transit fee for allowing inter-gateway liquidity.

Spam prevention

Every Ripple wallet must have a minimum of 20 XRP and every transaction mandates a fee in Ripple. This helps to prevent flooding of the network from adversaries who wish to thwart it.

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